Most Common Hair and Scalp Problems: Causes and Treatment

Most Common Hair and Scalp Problems: Causes and Treatment

Most Common Hair and Scalp Problems: Causes and Treatment

Posted on March 12th, 2024.

Taking care of your hair is more than just about aesthetics; it's about maintaining the health of your scalp too. Unfortunately, many people suffer from various scalp problems that can impact the overall condition of their hair.

Understanding the causes and treatments of these issues is crucial for maintaining healthy hair and scalp.

Most Common Hair and Scalp Problems: Causes and Treatment


Dandruff is one of the most common scalp problems, characterized by flaky skin on the scalp. It can be caused by various factors such as dry skin, oily skin, or a specific type of fungus called Malassezia. To treat dandruff, consider using medicated shampoos containing ingredients like ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or coal tar.

Scalp Psoriasis

Scalp psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes red, scaly patches on the scalp. While the exact cause is unknown, it's believed to be related to genetics and the immune system. Treatment options for scalp psoriasis include topical treatments, phototherapy, and oral medications prescribed by a dermatologist.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common scalp condition characterized by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. It's often accompanied by itching and can be triggered by factors such as stress, hormones, and certain medical conditions. Treatment typically involves medicated shampoos containing ingredients like ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, or salicylic acid.

Hair Loss

Hair loss can be distressing, and there are various types and causes, including genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions, and certain medications. To address hair loss, consider treatments such as minoxidil, finasteride, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy, or hair transplant surgery, depending on the underlying cause and severity.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that causes hair loss in patches on the scalp and other parts of the body. While the exact cause is unknown, it's thought to involve genetics and the immune system. Treatment options for alopecia areata include corticosteroid injections, topical immunotherapy, and oral medications prescribed by a dermatologist.


Folliculitis is a common condition where hair follicles become inflamed, usually due to bacterial or fungal infections, physical damage to the skin, or irritation from substances like oils and cosmetics. Treatment typically involves topical or oral antibiotics, antifungal medications, and proper hygiene practices to prevent recurrence.

Head Lice

Head lice are tiny insects that infest the scalp and feed on blood, causing itching and irritation. They spread through close personal contact and can affect people of all ages. Treatment for head lice usually involves using over-the-counter or prescription-strength medicated shampoos, along with combing to remove lice and nits from the hair.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is a type of hair loss caused by repetitive pulling or tension on the hair follicles, often due to tight hairstyles like braids, ponytails, or extensions. To prevent and treat traction alopecia, avoid tight hairstyles, minimize the use of heat and chemical treatments, and practice gentle hair care techniques.

Dry Scalp

Dry scalp occurs when the skin on the scalp lacks sufficient moisture, leading to itching, flaking, and irritation. Causes include cold weather, frequent shampooing, and certain hair care products. To combat dry scalp, use moisturizing shampoos and conditioners, hydrating hair masks, and scalp oils to replenish lost moisture.

Oily Scalp

An oily scalp occurs when the sebaceous glands produce too much oil, leading to greasy hair and scalp, as well as potential issues like dandruff and acne. Factors like genetics, hormones, and environmental conditions can contribute to excess oil production. Treatment involves using clarifying shampoos, balancing scalp treatments, and maintaining good hygiene habits.

Scalp Sensitivity

Scalp sensitivity refers to heightened reactivity of the scalp to various stimuli, including environmental factors like sun exposure, harsh chemicals in hair products, and allergens. It can manifest as itching, burning, or redness. To manage scalp sensitivity, choose gentle hair care products, protect the scalp from sun exposure, and avoid known triggers.

Tinea Capitis: Fungal Infection of the Scalp

Tinea capitis, also known as scalp ringworm, is a fungal infection that affects the scalp and hair shafts. It is most common in children but can also affect adults. Symptoms include red, scaly patches on the scalp, hair loss, and itching. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications, either topical or oral, prescribed by a healthcare professional. It's important to treat tinea capitis promptly to prevent spreading the infection to others and to avoid complications such as permanent hair loss.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis of the scalp occurs when the skin on the scalp comes into contact with irritants or allergens, leading to inflammation and irritation. Common triggers include hair dyes, shampoos, hair care products, and certain metals found in jewelry or hair accessories. Symptoms may include redness, itching, burning, and swelling. Treatment involves identifying and avoiding the trigger, using mild, hypoallergenic hair care products, and possibly using topical corticosteroids or antihistamines to relieve symptoms.

Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is the most common cause of hair loss in men. It is characterized by a receding hairline and thinning hair on the crown of the head, eventually leading to baldness. Male pattern baldness is believed to be hereditary and is associated with hormonal changes and genetics. Treatment options include medications such as minoxidil and finasteride, hair transplant surgery, and low-level laser therapy. Early intervention is key to slowing down or preventing further hair loss in men with male pattern baldness.

Reach out for expert help

In conclusion, understanding the causes and treatments of common hair and scalp problems is essential for maintaining healthy hair and scalp. If you're experiencing persistent scalp issues, it's always best to consult with a dermatologist or trichologist for personalized advice and treatment recommendations.

For personalized advice and treatment recommendations, reach out to us at La Pearl Beauty Emporium Inc.. You can book a Trichology Consultation today. Contact us at 215-387-8232 or via email at [email protected].

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